Dozens of farmers are now harvesting the crops in the fields which they have been working in for many years. Then the stigma will be removed from the flower and transferred to the incubator.
After initial processing, they’ll be classified according to their different types. Saffron will be packed and exported after several quality checks. Saffron is classified by its size and shape.
stigmas are divided into three main parts: sargol-negin-poshal, stigma petal anther
as shown in the figure below:
three branches of red parts of stigma which is separated from yellow part (Style) and pollen.
The most widely used and most popular saffron on the market. the yellow lower part is absent in sargol. each 125 kilogram of fresh harvested saffron flower results in one kilogram of dried saffron (stigma).
red Stigma with style or yellow root. This saffron is Produced at the beginning of the harvest season.
poshal makes 5 to 50 percent of the saffron’s total body weight. each 101 kg of saffron contains one kilo of poshal. In Spain, we call it Mancha .
All three branches of stigma are joined together to make a bunch
Sometimes this type of saffron is called mother or dokhtarpich Because all parts of saffron are perfectly aligned